Part 1. Backgammon Game
Part 2. Rules and Strategies
Part 3. Where to Play Backgammon
Part 4. Play Backgammon
Part 5. FAQs

A Comprehensive Guide to Backgammon: Rules and Strategies

Aaren WoodsAaren WoodsUpdated on Jun 19, 2023Games

This article will take you through the backgammon world, providing a solid understanding of the game's rules, strategies, and techniques. From setting up the game to executing moves and making strategic decisions, each aspect will be explored in detail, allowing you to develop your skills and become a formidable player.

Furthermore, we will delve into the world of online backgammon platforms, providing you with a variety of websites and downloadable apps where you can play against opponents from all over the world. We'll outline the characteristics of each platform and display screenshots to give you a look at their interfaces so you can decide where to play. Without further ado, here is a detailed guide to playing Backgammon.

How to Play Backgammon

Table of contents

Part 1. What is a Backgammon Game Part 2. Backgammon Rules and Strategies Part 3. Where to Play Backgammon Part 4. How to Play Backgammon Part 5. FAQs about How to Play Backgammon

Part 1. What is a Backgammon Game

Backgammon is a two-player board game combining strategy, probability, and skill. The main target of the game is for the player to be the first to remove all of their checkers off the board. The game is played on a customized board divided into four quadrants or tables. Each quadrant comprises six triangular regions called points that alternate in color between light and dark. The earned points are numbered from 1 to 24, with the player's home board on the right side, and the opponent's home board mirrored on the left.

Each player starts with Fifteen (15) checkers of their hues or color. Initially, the checkers are positioned in specified places according to a prearranged setup. The starting arrangement is symmetrical, with two checkers on each player's 24-point, five on their 13-point, three on their 8-point, and five on their 6-point. The game's primary goal is to move all of one's checkers toward the player's home board and eventually bear them off. Players must move their checkers to the corresponding point numbers on their home board to bear off. The first player to successfully bear off all their checkers wins the game.

Part 2. Backgammon Rules and Strategies

Backgammon is a game that combines intricate rules with strategic decision-making. This section will dive into the various aspects of backgammon gameplay, including setting up the game, basic gameplay mechanics, and advanced rules and strategies.

Backgammon Rules Strategies

A. Basic Gameplay

The basic gameplay of backgammon involves the following steps:

Rolling the Dice: Each player rolls a pair of six-sided dice to determine the number of spaces their checkers can move. The numbers rolled on the dice represent separate moves for two checkers or a single checker.

Moving the Checkers: The numbers rolled on the dice dictate the movement of the checkers. If possible, a player must use both numbers, moving one checker for each roll. The checkers can be moved to an open point within the player's home or outer board. Additionally, a player can hit their opponent's single checker, sending it to the bar.

Hitting and Re-Entering: If a player lands on an opponent's single checker, the opponent's checker is hit and placed on the bar. The opponent has to choose a number that corresponds to an open spot on their opponent's home board to re-enter the game. If the player is unable to do so, their turn is canceled.

Bearing Off: Once players have moved all their checkers to their home board, they can start bearing off. To bear off, a player must roll a number that corresponds to the point where their checker is located. The rolled number allows the player to remove the checker from the board.

Winning in the Game: The first player to bear off all their checkers from the board wins the game. However, if the opponent has borne off at least one checker, the player who has borne off fewer checkers risks losing a gammon (doubled points) or backgammon (tripled points).

B. Advanced Rules and Strategies

To elevate your gameplay, consider the following advanced rules and strategies:

Legal Moves and Doubling: Familiarize yourself with the legal moves in backgammon, including bearing off and hitting the opponent's checker. Additionally, learn how to effectively use the doubling cube, a marker that allows players to increase the game's stakes.

Strategic Considerations: Develop an understanding of strategic considerations, such as creating blocking points to impede the opponent's movement, establishing anchor points, and timing your moves for optimal positioning.

Tactics for Using the Doubling Cube: Develop an understanding of strategic considerations, such as creating blocking points to impede the opponent's movement, establishing anchor points, and timing your moves for optimal positioning.

By familiarizing yourself with the rules and incorporating strategic thinking into your gameplay, you'll be able to approach backgammon with confidence and enhance

Part 3. Where to Play Backgammon

Here are five popular websites and five applications where you can play backgammon:

Backgammon Galaxy

Backgammon Galaxy offers a seamless online experience focusing on fair play and competitive gameplay. It features various game modes, tournaments, and a strong community of players. The intuitive interface and robust features make it a top choice for Backgammon enthusiasts.

Backgammon Galaxy

Backgammon Studio

Backgammon Studio is a comprehensive website providing various backgammon tools and resources. It offers a powerful analysis feature that allows players to review their matches, identify mistakes, and improve their skills. The platform also includes a database of games and an active forum for discussions and sharing insights.

Backgammon Studio


GammonSpace is a popular online platform for backgammon players of all skill levels. It offers a user-friendly interface, various game modes, and regularly scheduled tournaments. GammonSpace stands out for its emphasis on educational content, providing tutorials, articles, and live streams from top players to help players improve their game.



Play65 is a well-established online backgammon platform that has been around for over a decade. It offers a user-friendly interface, a vibrant community, and various game options, including cash games and tournaments. Play65 also provides a mobile app allowing players to enjoy backgammon.


Backgammon Masters

Backgammon Masters is a feature-rich website catering to casual and competitive players. It offers a different game mode, including standard backgammon, Backgammon, and hyper gammon. The platform also features a ranking system, achievements, and a shop where players can customize their game experience.

Backgammon Masters

XG Mobile

XG Mobile is a highly regarded backgammon app that brings the power of XG (Extreme Gammon) software to mobile devices. It offers a strong AI opponent for solo play and includes advanced analysis tools to help players understand and improve their game. The app is known for its accurate evaluations and comprehensive features.

XG Mobile

Backgammon NJ

Backgammon NJ is a popular Backgammon app for iOS and Android devices. It provides a smooth, visually appealing interface and various game modes, including multiplayer options. Backgammon NJ offers strong AI opponents, a tutor mode for beginners, and the ability to play against friends online.

Backgammon NJ

Backgammon Live

Backgammon Live is a social backgammon app that allows players to compete against friends or players worldwide. The app features live tournaments, leaderboards, and a chat function to interact with opponents. Backgammon Live also offers daily challenges and rewards to keep players engaged.

Backgammon Live


BGroom is a popular backgammon app combining a user-friendly interface and a competitive gaming environment. It offers multiplayer matches, tournaments, and a ranking system to track progress. BGroom stands out for its vibrant community, providing opportunities to chat, join clubs, and participate in social events.


Backgammon Ace

Backgammon Ace is a beginner-friendly app that teaches and improves players' skills. It offers step-by-step tutorials, practice modes, and interactive challenges to help beginners grasp the basics and develop strategies. The app also includes AI opponents of varying difficulty levels for practical practice sessions.

Backgammon Ace

Part 4. How to Play Backgammon

Learning to play backgammon is an exciting journey combining strategy, probability, and skill. This section will guide you through the essential steps of playing backgammon, from setting up the board to executing moves and making strategic decisions. To set up a backgammon game, follow these steps:

How to Play Backgammon Gameplay

A. Starting the Game


Place the backgammon board between the two players, each sitting on opposite sides. The board consists of four quadrants, with each player's home board on their right side.

Backgammon Board

Each player has 15 checkers of their color. The checkers should be arranged by the following:

◆ Two checkers on the 24-point (opponent's 1-point):

◆ Five checkers on the 13-point

◆ Three checkers on the 8-point

◆ Five checkers on the 6-point

◆ Two checkers on the 1-point (opponent's 24-point)

Backgammon 15 Checkers

Decide who goes first. This can be determined by a dice roll, with the highest roll starting the game.

Backgammon Rooling Dice

B. Additional Strategies and Tips

To improve your gameplay, consider the following strategies and tips:

Plan Ahead: Anticipate your moves and think strategically. Consider the potential outcomes of different dice rolls and plan your moves accordingly.

Establish Anchors: Aim to have anchors in your opponent's home board. An anchor is a point occupied by two or more of your checkers, blocking your opponent's progress.

Block and Hit: Strategically position your checkers to block your opponent's movement and create opportunities to hit their lone checkers, sending them to the bar and delaying their progress.

Balance Offense and Defense: Find the right balance between offensive and defensive moves. Sometimes it's advantageous to focus on advancing your checkers, while other times, it's necessary to prioritize defense and maintain strong positions.

Use the Doubling Cube Wisely: Be mindful of the doubling cube's potential impact on the game's outcome. Assess your position and the probability of winning before deciding to double or accept a double.

Backgammon Additional

Remember, practice is key to mastering backgammon. Play against different opponents, analyze your moves, and continuously learn from your experiences to enhance your skills. By following the basic gameplay mechanics and implementing effective strategies, you will be on your road to becoming a skilled backgammon player. Enjoy the journey and embrace the challenges that the game presents.

Part 5. FAQs about How to Play Backgammon

How many pieces are in Backgammon?

In Backgammon, each player has 15 checkers, also known as pieces. These checkers are typically of two colors, traditionally black and white, although other color combinations are also used. So, there are 30 checkers in a game of backgammon, with 15 for each player

How long does a game of Backgammon typically last?

The duration of a Backgammon game can vary depending on the tactic level of the players and the game's pace. On average, a game can take anywhere from 5 minutes for a quick match to 30 minutes or more for a more strategic and competitive game.

Can I play Backgammon against a computer AI?

Yes, many online platforms and downloadable apps offer the option to play against computer AI opponents. This enables you to practice and improve your skills at your own pace.


Backgammon is a captivating and strategic board game that has entertained players for centuries. Throughout this article, we have explored the fundamentals of backgammon, including its rules, strategies, and where to play online. Now equipped with the learnings to set up the board, execute moves, and make strategic decisions, you can confidently embark on your backgammon journey. So, gather your checkers, set up the board, and let the games begin. Good luck, and have fun on your backgammon journey!

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